This Sunday The Taiwan Times with the aid of our friends at the Puntland Post will be focussing on north east Africa where open civil war in Ethiopia is being waged by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed against his own people in the Tigray region, Somalia, the country with the longest coastline in all of continental Africa is still coming to terms with its past troubles and is trying to get back on its own two feet, and Sudan, whilst taking in refugees fleeing from Tigray is also being courted by Egypt to aid in its objections to the huge GERD dam being built on the Upper Nile – an issue again involving Ethiopia. All of this is taking place in the area geographically neighbouring Taiwan’s newest diplomatic ally, Somaliland.

This is the first part in that series of three articles. 


By Hussein Rida’i

Mogadishu (PP Commentary) — In politics friends can prove an asset or liability.

In the case of the President of Somalia, Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo, friendship and the political alliances he formed with two authoritarian leaders — the Prime Minister of Ethiopia Abiy Ahmed and President of Eritrea Isaias Afwerki — risk putting a halt to political progress in the war-torn country.

The friendship is based on a pipedream that goes by the acronym HAEE (Horn of Africa Economic Integration) concocted by the outgoing U.S. President Donald Trump to cobble together an alliance of incompatibles in North East Africa.

When HAEE surfaced following Abiy Ahmed’s 2018, visit to Mogadishu, Ethiopia was making a name for itself as a country led by a young reformist leader who would go on to win a Nobel Peace Prize.

It has not taken long before the quixotic economic integration proposal to extend a superpower sphere of influence has begun to falter.

Authoritarian Leaders’ Club: President Isaias Afwerki (left), President Mohamed A. Farmajo (middle) and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (right).

Somalia is dependent on African peacekeepers, whereas Etitrea is a country ruled by an old dictator who managed to turn Abiy Ahmed into a political apprentice in the art of oppressing citizens and waging pointless wars.

Unlike Ethiopia and Eritrea, Somalia is a county whose government does not retain coercive power of the state throughout the country.

The political settlement of the Somali political class predisposes Somalia to remain in total dependency on African peacekeepers to prevent the Horn of Africa country from relapsing into an “ungoverned spaces” category.

What can a leader of a country that has yet to fully recover from state collapse learn from two authoritarian leaders?

If President Farmajo regards Abiy Ahmed and Isaias Afwerki as his peers, Somalia is likely to give in to political peer pressure to monopolise political decision making at the national level, and deepen its reliance on AMISOM – the African Union Mission in Somalia.

No Somali opposition politician has plucked up the courage to take President Farmajo to task for making Somalia a bedfellow with two authoritarian leaders in the Horn of Africa.

Instead of strengthening relations with Federal Member States and promoting genuine political reconciliation President Farmajo has instead opted for political grandstanding.

His strength lies in the political disorientation of his rivals, who expediently share his governance outlook.

President Farmajo may thus benefit from heeding well the old adage: don’t hang out with the wrong crowd.

This article first appeared in the © Puntland Post and is republished with permission.

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